You've bought your yarn and you've mastered casting on - what next? Learn the basics to knit, purl, change yarns and cast off, plus rib and moss stitches, all of which are covered in this helpful course. What will you discover?
Course created by
Neti Love & Julie Peasgood
You've bought your yarn and you've mastered casting on - what next? Learn the basics to knit, purl, change yarns and cast off, plus rib and moss stitches, all of which are covered in this helpful course. What will you discover?Read More Begin this course
Knit stitch is the most basic stitch in knitting, so it's a good one to get under your belt – you'll then be ready to combine it with other stitches for an endless variety of effects.
Purl stitch is an essential in knitting and is often alternated with knit stitch – together, these two easy stitches are the bedrock of most knitting patterns, so practise your purl in rhythmical rows to start with.
Once you can work in knit stitch you can do garter stitch! Every row is a knit row, which creates a distinctive, textured effect, and as this fabric is reversible, be sure to know which is the right side for making up.
You're going to have to join a new ball of yarn at some point, so plan to do this at an edge, where it is easier to weave in the ends later. Once you know how to change yarn, you can also change colour!
Rib stitch creates a stretchy fabric and can be used for a whole garment or to add a fitted, elastic edging. It's created by knitting the knit stitches and purling the purl stitches on every row.
Moss stitch is usually worked over two or more off-set rows. It has a lovely raised texture created from alternating knit and purl stitches on the same row, which takes a little concentration to start with.
At the end of a pattern, you'll want to cast off all the stitches on your needle, leaving a neat edge. Here, we show you how to cast off on a knit row.
Stocking stitch alternates a row of knit stitches with a row of purl stitches. This creates a knitted fabric that is smooth on the right side (with purl stitches forming the bumpy wrong side).
Blocking is done to set the shape and enhance the stitch definition of knitted pieces, helping it to lie flat. It involves wetting the fabric before making up, incase there is any shrinkage, and it helps to set the shape. It also gives you the opportunity to shape or reshape your pieces, sharpen points or corners and straighten edges, so is especially satisfying for lace or textured patterns that can look somewhat misshapen after being cast off.
You can create a striking effect by alternating sets of knit and purl stitches, which earns the name of basketweave for its undulating under-and-over look, and the good news is that it’s much easier than it looks.
Yarn comes in a range of weights that relates to the thickness of the strand, so DK is a lighter weight than Aran, for example. This is turn relates to which needle size is recommended to use with each weight to produce a knitted fabric with the right drape and stitch density that is not too open and floppy or conversely tight and stiff.